Aims and Scope
Acridocarpus orientalis (AO) is a medicinal herb indigenous to tropical and subtropical Africa, Arabian Peninsula, and New Caledonia with reported anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
To determine whether AO has any beneficial effects on diabetes-induced metabolic parameters in rats.
Materials and Methods:
Diabetes mellitus was induced in male Wistar rats by streptozotocin. Diabetic rats were treated with three doses of AO extract (50, 100, and 200 mg/kg BW) for 30 days. Kidney, liver, and pancreatic tissue samples were processed for histopathology to determine the effect of AO on the cells of these organs. The effect of AO on pancreatic islet cells and serum insulin levels was also examined using immunohistochemistry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay techniques, respectively.
AO (100 mg/kg BW) caused a marked reduction in blood glucose levels in diabetic rats compared to diabetic control on day 10 of the study. Moreover, AO (200 mg/kg BW) increased the number of insulin-positive cells with a concomitant reduction in the number of glucagon-immunoreactive cells in pancreatic islets. AO (100 mg/kg) also increased the serum level of superoxide dismutase significantly. Although the administration of AO was able to significantly decrease the diabetes-associated increases in serum creatinine and bilirubin levels, it had no effect on blood urea nitrogen, serum aspartate, or alanine aminotransferase levels. Histopathological examination showed that AO has no toxic effect on the structure of the pancreas, liver, and kidney.
Our findings showed that AO could alleviate some complications of diabetes mellitus.
November 27, 2020
- November 27, 2020
- October 23, 2020
- September 22, 2020
- July 30, 2020
- July 30, 2020
- June 29, 2020
For the last thirty years, the benzotriazole scaffold has been the object of our group interest and we have already presented some results on the antiviral activity of our compounds.
In this article, we conclude the exploration of N-(4-(R-2H-benzo[d][1,2,3]triazol-2-yl)phenyl)-4-R’-benzamides and 1-(4-(R-2H-benzo[d][1,2,3]triazol-2-yl)phenyl)-3-R’-ureas by synthesizing further modified derivatives, in order to have more elements for SARs evaluation.
Here, we reported the synthesis and the antiviral screening results of 38 newly synthesized benzotriazole derivatives against a panel of DNA and RNA viruses. We also analyse SARs in comparing these compounds with previously published benzotriazole analogues, taking stock of the situation.
Among the newly presented derivatives, compounds 17 and 18 were the most active with EC50 6.9 and 5.5 µM, respectively against Coxsackievirus B5 (CV-B5) and 20.5 and 17.5 µM against Poliovirus (Sb-1).
we can conclude that N-(4-(2H-benzo[d] [1 - 3] triazol-2-yl)phenyl-R-amide is a good chemical scaffold for the development of new antiviral molecules.
October 23, 2020