A Review on the Modification of Polysaccharide Through Graft Copolymerization for Various Potential Applications



Deepak Kumar1, 2, *, Jyoti Pandey2, Vinit Raj3, Pramendra Kumar1
1 Department of Applied Chemistry, MJP Rohilkhand University, Bareilly – 243006(U.P.), India
2 Department of Applied Chemistry, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Vidya Vihar, Rae Bareli Road, Lucknow 226025, India
3 Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Vidya Vihar, Rae Bareli Road, Lucknow 226025, India


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© 2017 Kumar et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4. 0 International Public License (CC-BY 4. 0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons. org/licenses/by/4. 0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this authors at the Department of Applied Chemistry, MJP Rohilkhand University, Bareilly – 243006(U.P.), India; Tel: +9412602921; E-mail: pramendra2002@gmail.com


Abstract

Introduction:

Graft copolymerization is one of the most promising technique uses to modify the properties of naturally available polymers with a minimum loss in their native characteristics.

Methods and Materials:

Graft copolymerization is a very significant technique to add hybrid properties in backbone of polymers. The grafting generally initiated through the formation of free radical centers on the polymer backbone as well as monomer.

Results:

Grafted polysaccharides have various applications in different important scientific areas such as drug delivery, pharmaceutical field, plastic industry, waste water treatment, tannery effluent treatment, textile industry, agriculture area, etc. all of this fascinated us to summarize the major research articles over the last two decades outlining different methods of grafting, surface modification, graft copolymerization of synthetic and natural polymers.

Conclusion:

Various redox initiator systems viz. Ceric ammonium nitrate, per sulfate, Irradiation, FAS-H2O2etc. is also explored for grafting of vinyl through conventional and non-conventional techniques.

Keywords: Polysaccharides, Grafting, Copolymer, Initiator.